Jeffrey H. Norwitz. “Combating Terrorism: With a Helmet or a Badge?” In Paul J. Bolt, ed. American Defense Policy, 8th edition, (Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2005), 424-432.
COMBATING TERRORISM: WITH A HELMET OR A BADGE?
"Is terrorism a crime to be fought with search warrants and jurisprudence, or is it an act of war? Indeed, the word war became commonplace in media and government lexicon while citizens, political leaders, and the military became energized.
Curiously, as talk of military mobilization permeated the media, we heard of Herculean law enforcement efforts by thousands of federal, state and local officers to gather physical evidence, execute search warrants, and run thousands of leads seeking to establish criminal culpability for acts of terrorism. This chapter will examine old paradigms about terrorism, and offer a perspective on how criminal approaches have not grasped the nature of this war."
Jeffrey H. Norwitz, "The True Story of a Navy Espionage Case," The Gold Shield Magazine. Volume 2013, No 2, Naval Criminal Investigative Service Special Agent Association
OPERATION TOUCHDOWN: THE TRUE STORY OF A NAVY ESPIONAGE CASE
"The year was 1988. The “Cold War” was raging. And January temperatures in Moscow were as frigid as relations between the US and USSR. In warm Kremlin offices, Soviet spymasters were elated. The past four years were an unprecedented success stealing American secrets. Traitors such as Morrison, Howard, Pelton, Pollard, Walker, Whitworth, and Lonetree delivered the Soviets an exceptional understanding of US intelligence and military operations. Some Russians even believed that if war broke out, espionage had given them guaranteed victory over the decadent West. Yet, as KGB leaders congratulated themselves, a message arrived from their Consulate in San Francisco reporting the conviction of a US Navy sailor for espionage. The local newspaper revealed a scheme to pass submarine secrets to their embassy in the Philippines. But a Navy spy had been caught before he consummated the crime. Angered, the Kremlin learned how they were cheated from receiving a stunning cache of classified documents by the Naval Criminal Investigative Service (NCIS) and the FBI."
Jeffrey H. Norwitz. “Disrupting Armed Groups: Human Intelligence Strategies.” In Keith Logan, ed. Homeland Security and Intelligence. 2nd ed. (Santa Barbara, Praeger Publishers, 2018), 273-290.
DISRUPTING ARMED GROUPS - HUMAN INTELLIGENCE STRATEGIES
"The future of war, conflict, and societal unrest will be increasingly defined by non-state actors who reject traditional notions of sovereignty, national identity, and international norms of behavior. This chapter will suggest applications for human source intelligence in order to neutralize emerging challenges from dangerous armed groups and related movements. "